Female genital mutilation (FGM) covers a range of procedures which involve
the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reason.¹
There are four main ‘types’ of FGM:
FGM most often happens when girls are between the ages of 4-10 before they enter puberty, however it can also happen to them when they are babies or toddlers.
The Female Genital Mutilation Act³ (which replaced the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act, 1985) was introduced in 2003 and came into effect in March 2004. The Act:
Anyone affected by these forms of violence and abuse should be able to access help and support when they need it and every case should be taken seriously. The Live Fear Free Helpline is a 24 hour helpline for women, children and men experiencing domestic abuse, sexual violence or other forms of violence against women on 0808 80 10 800.